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Most Important Questions from Nutrition, Vitamin for SSC

Most Important Questions from Nutrition-Vitamin for SSC

Most Important Questions from Nutrition,Vitamin for SSC

Most Important Questions from Nutrition,Vitamin for SSC

WHAT ARE VITAMINS

⦿Vitamins are organic compounds that our body does not make on its own. Thus we must obtain them from the foods we eat, or via vitamin supplements.

⦿They are essential for providing good health and are necessary for many life functions.

⦿Casimir Funk originally coined the term “vitamine”

⦿Earlier known as ‘accessory dietary factor’ and they don’t provide calories/energy to body.

Most Important Questions from Nutrition, Vitamin for SSC

CHARACTERISTICS OF VITAMINS

Water soluble vitamins: The B-complex vitamins and vitamin C

⦿Water soluble vitamins cannot be stored in human tissues. Their excess is excreted with urine.

Fat-soluble vitamins: K,A,D ,E

⦿Significant amounts of fat soluble vitamins can be   stored in adipose tissue and the liver. This means   they can accumulate and be saved for later use.

VITAMIN A Retinol
VITAMIN B Thiamine
VITAMIN C Ascorbic acid
VITAMIN D Calciferol
VITAMIN E Tocopherol
VITAMIN K Phylloquinone

Most Important Questions from Nutrition, Vitamin for SSC

GROUP-B VITAMINS

VITAMIN B1 Thiamin
VITAMIN B2 Riboflavin
VITAMIN B3 Niacin
VITAMIN B5 Pantothenic acid
VITAMIN B6 Pyridoxine
VITAMIN B7 Biotin
VITAMIN B9 Folic acid
VITAMIN B12 Cyanocobalamin

FUNCTIONS OF VITAMINS

⦿They build up the resistance of the body against diseases.

⦿Prevent and cure various diseases caused by deficiency.

⦿Help the digestion and utilization of mineral salts and Carbohydrates in the body.

⦿Stimulate and give strength to digestive and nervous system.

⦿Help maintain proper health & normal growth.

VITAMIN A- Retinol

PHYSIOLOGIC FUNCTIONS

⦿Vision (दृष्टि)

⦿Generates pigments for the retina

⦿Maintains surface lining of eyes

⦿Bone growth

⦿Reproduction (प्रजनन)

⦿Cell division and differentiation

⦿Healthy Skin

⦿Regulate Immune System (रोग  प्रततरोधक)

⦿Tooth Development

VITAMIN B1 – THAIMINE

PHYSIOLOGIC FUNCTIONS

⦿Producing energy from carbohydrates

⦿Proper nerve (तंत्रिका) function

⦿Stabilising the apetite (भख)

⦿Promoting growth and muscle (म ांसपेशी) tone.

Vitamin B-2 Riboflavin

PHYSIOLOGIC FUNCTIONS

⦿  Energy production by converting carbohydrates into glucose, metabolizing fats and proteins

⦿formation of antibodies (प्रततपपंड) and red blood cells

⦿cell respiration (कोशशक  श्वसन)

⦿maintenance of good vision, skin, nails, and hair

⦿alleviating eye fatigue (आांखों  की  थक न  को  कम  करन )

Vitamin B-3 Niacinamide & Niacin

PHYSIOLOGIC FUNCTIONS

⦿Energy production by converting carbohydrates   into glucose, metabolizing fats and proteins

⦿maintenance of skin

⦿improves circulation (प्रस र)

⦿important for nervous system, digestive system.

Vitamin B-6 Pyridoxine

PHYSIOLOGIC FUNCTIONS

⦿Production of red blood cells

⦿immunity

⦿nervous system functions

⦿reducing muscle spasms (मांसपेशियों  की  ऐंठन), cramps, and numbness (सन्न  होन )

⦿maintaining proper balance of sodium and phosphorous in the body

⦿Protein metabolism.

VITAMIN C- Ascorbic Acid

PHYSIOLOGIC FUNCTIONS

⦿helps form connective tissue that hold our bones, muscles, and

tissues together (collagen)

⦿aids in the healing of wounds

⦿aids the body in absorbing iron from plant sources

⦿helps to keep your gums healthy

⦿helps our body to fight infections

⦿aids in the prevention of heart disease helps & prevent some

forms of cancer.

Most Important Questions from Nutrition-Vitamin for SSC

DEFICIENCIES/DISEASES

GROUP-B VITAMINS

Vitamin Chemical Name Disease/Deficiency Symptoms
Vitamin B1 Thaimine Beri Beri Mental confusion, muscle weakness, wasting, water retention (edema), impaired growth
Vitamin B2 Riboflavin Glossitis a sore, red tongue, cracks at the corners of the mouth, dermatitis on nose and lips, light sensitivity, cataracts, and Bloodshot eyes.
Vitamin B3 Niacin Pellagra Delusions or mental confusion, Diarrhea Weakness cramps, nausea, skin problems
Vitamin B5 Pantothenic Acid Paresthesia numbness or a burning feeling esp in feet, hands
Vitamin B6 Pyridoxine Seborrheic dermatitis Cheilosis Glossitis Red, itchy rash Cracked and Sore Lips Sore, Glossy Tongue Anaemia, peripheral Neuropathy
Vitamin
B7
Biotin Alopecia
Dermatitis
hair loss inflammation of the skin, itchiness, red skin and a rash.
Vitamin B9 Folic acid Anaemia, Neural tube defects Spinal cord or brain defects.
Vitamin B12 Cynocbal
amin
Pernicious anaemia anemia, fatigue, neurological disorders, numbness and tingling.

GROUP-A VITAMINS

Vitamin Chemical Name Disease/Deficienc y Symptoms
Vitamin A Retinol Nyctalopia keratomalacia Xeropthalmia Night blindness cornea gets cloudy and softens dryness of the conjunctiva and cornea
Vitamin C Ascorbic acid Scurvy Gum disease and loss of teeth, poor wound healing, shortness of breath, edema.
Vitamin D Calciferol Fertility disordersRickets
OsteomalaciaFertility disorders
Bowed legs, stunted growth, bone pain, large forehead, and trouble sleeping, weakness and pain in the spine, pelvis and legs
Vitamin E Tocopherols Fertility disorder Sterility in males and Abortions in females.
Vitamin K Phylloquinone Blood Clotting Excessive bleeding caused by an inability to form blood clots.

Most Important Questions from Nutrition, Vitamin for SSC

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